What is eczema?
Eczema (also known as dermatitis) is highly individual in its nature and affects 1 in 5 children in the UK. It varies from person to person, comes in many different forms and is not contagious.
Skin provides a strong, effective barrier that protects the body from infection or irritation – it is made up of a thin outer layer, a fairly elastic one in the middle, and a fatty layer at the deepest level. Each layer contains skin cells, water and fats, all of which help maintain and protect the condition of the skin. Healthy skin cells are plumped up with water, forming a protective barrier against damage and infection, fats and oils help to keep the water in.